The HttpResponse class is a drop-in replacement for the Fetch API Response designed to allow for more convenient response declaration and support otherwise unavailable features, like mocking response cookies.

Why not native Response?

You can absolutely use the native Fetch API Response instances in your response resolvers. MSW is built on top of the standard request and response primitives, so you can use them any time instead.

However, the HttpResponse class enables certain features, like mocking response cookies, which are not available when using the standard Response class. For the sake of consistency, we highly recommend using the HttpResponse class on a daily basis. We acknowledge that it is a library-specific API and we are dedicated to make it teach you about the web fundamentals through respecting the default Response constructor signature and methods as well as minimizing the amount of library-specific features this class ships.

Historically, the choice was between implicitly patching the global Response and Headers classes to establish a proxy setter whenever a Set-Cookie header is set, since it cannot be read afterward. We’ve decided not to meddle with the globals because we respect the integrity of your application and the environment it runs in, and want to prove that API mocking can be built on best practices and standard APIs instead.

Call signature

The HttpResponse class has the identical constructor signature to the Fetch API Response class. This includes the static response methods like Response.json() and Response.error() too.

class HttpResponse {
      | Blob
      | ArrayBuffer
      | TypedArray
      | DateView
      | FormData
      | ReadableStream
      | URLSearchParams
      | string
      | null
      | undefined
    options?: {
      status?: number
      statusText?: string
      headers?: HeadersInit


Source code for the `HttpResponse` class.

Standard methods

new HttpResponse(body, init)

Constructs a new Response instance with the given response body and options.

const response = new HttpResponse('Hello world!')

Similar to the regular Response constructor, you can provide HttpResponse with response options to customize the response instance:

// This is synonymous to "new Response()".
new HttpResponse('Not found', {
  status: 404,
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'text/plain',

Please see the Response API to learn more about constructing responses.

HttpResponse.json(body, init)

A static method that creates a new response with the JSON body.

http.get('/resource', () => {
  // This is synonymous to "Response.json(body)".
  return HttpResponse.json({
    id: 'abc-123',
    title: 'Modern Testing Practices',


A static method that creates a new network error response instance.

http.get('/resource', () => {
  // This is synonymous to "Response.error()".
  return HttpResponse.error()

Note that neither HttpResponse.error() nor Response.error() allow customizing the network error response. MSW chooses to abide by that behavior, especially since the custom network error messages are handled inconsistently across different request clients (some expose the error, others do not).

Custom methods

The HttpResponse class also comes with a set of custom static methods to simplify response declaration. These methods do not have alternatives in the Fetch API specification and are entirely library-specific.

HttpResponse.text(body, init)

Creates a Response instance with the Content-Type: text/plain header and given response body.

HttpResponse.text('Hello world!')

HttpResponse.xml(body, init)

Creates a Response instance with the Content-Type: application/xml header and given response body.

  <title>Modern Testing Practices</title>

HttpResponse.formData(body, init)

Creates a Response instance with the Content-Type: multipart/form-data header and given response body.

const form = new FormData()
form.append('id', 'abc-123')
form.append('title', 'Modern Testing Practices')

HttpResponse.arrayBuffer(body, init)

Creates a new Response instance with the given ArrayBuffer body. Automatically sets the Content-Length response header based on the buffer’s byte length. Does not set any additional headers like Content-Type.

HttpResponse.arrayBuffer(buffer, {
  headers: {
    'Content-Type': 'application/octet-stream',

Mocking responses

Learn about response resolvers and the different ways to respond to a request.