Configure the interception of requests in Node.js.

A function that configures the interception of requests in a Node.js process.

Despite the word “server” in the name, it does not establish any servers, operating entirely in the thread of your process.

Node.js specifics

The setupServer function acts as a bridge to apply the same request handlers in Node.js, where Service Workers cannot run. Instead, it augments the standard request modules like http in order to react to outgoing requests and respond to them from your mock definitions.


Reusing the same handlers between the browser and Node.js may have certain limitations. The browser-specific API you may use in your handlers, like location or localStorage, will not be available in Node.js. It is your responsibility to polyfill those APIs in tests or use an appropriate testing environment that provides them.


Using setupServer is similar to setupWorker. It comes down to providing it with the list of request handlers, and starting the request interception.

import { http, HttpResponse } from 'msw'
import { setupServer } from 'msw/node'
// Provide the server-side API with the request handlers.
const server = setupServer(
  http.get('/user', () => {
    return HttpResponse.json({
      id: '15d42a4d-1948-4de4-ba78-b8a893feaf45',
      firstName: 'John',
// Start the interception.

One of the most common usages of Mock Service Worker in Node.js is during integration tests. Integrate API mocking as a part of your testing setup to make sure you start and clean up the request interception logic appropriately.

Take a look at the testing setup example using Jest testing framework:

// jest.setup.js
import { setupServer } from 'msw/node'
import { handlers } from './handlers'
const server = setupServer(...handlers)
beforeAll(() => {
  // Start the interception.
afterEach(() => {
  // Remove any handlers you may have added
  // in individual tests (runtime handlers).
afterAll(() => {
  // Disable request interception and clean up.

While we commend setting up request interception globally, as a part of your testing setup, you may also use setupServer in individual tests, if you want to. Just make sure to choose one pattern and follow it throughout your tests—multiple setupServer calls is not a good idea!